the Pipe and Tabor compendium

the Pipe and Tabor compendium

essays on the three-hole pipe

UK history: associated pipes - double pipes

gallery contents

Double pipes, or two pipes played at the same time, are found in sculptures, paintings, stained glass, religious manuscripts and archaeology dating back into pre-history, right up to the present day. Sometimes the two pipes are exactly the same; other images show two slightly different shapes, one playing the tune and the other a drone pipe.

It is impossible to see the mouth-piece on some of these images: some may be duct flutes, others may have single or double reeds or be trumpets. If you have information on the mouth-piece of any of these instruments I would be grateful to know.

I have not included images where it is definately not a variety of duct-flute without keys. Around 1810 an English instrument maker, William Bainbridge, patented a keyed double flageolet which consisted of two English flageolets joined together so that the player could harmonise the tunes that s/he played. Flageolets are therefore not included here.

All images are copyright If you would like more information on unacknowledged sources contact the project manager.

Scotland9th/10th century
Lethenby Castle

10th century Ireland10th centuryClonmacnoise, Ireland;
forerunner of the bagpipe?
10th century England10th century England 1170 triple pipes1170 England 12th c Barfrestone, Kent
13th century, Lincoln Cathedral, Lincolnshire

1225-50 manuscript, St Albans

c.1200 Englandc.1200 north England folio 32r

double pipe with bells 1275-1300 York1275-1300 York 13v pew end
1300 England, manuscript 1310-20 Westminster, London 193v double pipes1310-20 Westminster, London 126r

1320 Luttrell Psalter

13201320 Luttrell Psalter


1326 Holkham Bible

1340 Hanwell1340 Hanwell, Oxfordshire
Heckington, Lincolnshireearly 14th century Heckington, Lincolnshire 1309-1349 Beverley Minster
stone carving 1
1309-1349 Beverley Minster
stone carving 2
Beverley1309-1349 Beverley Minster
stone carving 3
manuscript Psalter
manuscript Psalter 2
14th c Winchester Cathedral misericord 14th c Winchester Cathedral misericord 2 (copy S28))
1375-1404 Westminster Abbey wall painting 1380 Arundel Castle1380 Fitzalan Chapel, Arundel Castle
West Sussex
possibly 14th centurypossibly 14thc Pinchbeck St Mary’s Church, Lincolnshire; stained glass
1495,manuscript London All Saints Church, Chevening, Suffolk 15th c. Elkestone Church Gloucestershire
1451 Lincolnshire1451 Stamford, Lincolnshire 15th century15th century Oxford (poss) 1470 chair misericordc.1470 Scotland, chair misericord, double pipes or horns
Late 15th century SuffolkLate 15th century Southwold, Suffolk
1585 print, London Van Dyke1620 painting
between 15th and 20th centurybetween 15th and 20th century, St Peter Mancroft,
early 18th c Fairleigh Hungerford Church,
wood carving (poss. trumpets)
1765 classical1765 - classical pose, print
1783 satirical print, BM 19th century Scotland19th century Dean Castle, East Ayrshire, Scotland
In the 20th century artists looked back to classical Greek times for their inspiration: 1862 Selsey Church, Gloucs, stained glass 1864 porcelain vase, British Museum  
1867 Norfolk stained glass1867 Old Hunstanton, Norfolk 1870 stained glass 18711871 Studley Royal
1874 Bournemouth1874 Bournemouth, Dorset
1880-1915 wallpaper All Saints, Cambs, stained glass playerlead garden figure
1884 painting 19th c drawing c British Museum 1890 stained glass,-on-Thames Henley1890 Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire
18941894 London, design book illustration
19171917 postcard 20th c David Munrow  
  21st century21st century at Taborers Society
21st c classical flowerpot on pedestal, Surrey  
unknown medievalunknown medieval double pipes


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