the Pipe and Tabor compendium

the Pipe and Tabor compendium

essays on the three-hole pipe


Spain - Basque Country - publicity


The Basque region on the borders of Spain and France have several mountain tabor pipe traditions, but the dominant form – the txistu – and the players – the txistulari – have become an expression of Basque identity. The first mention of the txistu dates from 1864.

1810 ‘description of the Town of Bilbao’ from Saunders's News-Letter - Friday 13 July 18101810
1836 Newspaper report on the Proclamation of the Constitution of Cadiz at San Sebastian:1836Sun (London) - Monday 29 August 1836

1836 in Durango 1836Morning Post - Wednesday 26 October 1836

18391839London Evening Standard - Thursday 12 September 1839

The Queen came to visit. Local people danced to the pipe and tabor. The Examiner - Saturday 16 September 1865

An old pipe found in a farmhouse in Oñatiold pipe

txirulatxirula, Horniman Museum, London

1878 newspaper report in London, England, regarding Biarritz annual event: 1878Globe - Wednesday 04 September 1878

local tourist posters
The Basque people are very proud of their culture. Every few years over the last 100 years tourist posters have been produced
featuring a man (mostly) playing the pipe and tabor.
These are details from posters:
1903 Leiza Navarre1903 Leiza, Navarre  
19201920 Pamplona 19211921 Pamplona 19231923 Pamplona 19271927 Pamplona
19271927 San Sebastian 19291929 Great Basque Week 19301930 Pamplona 19311931San Sebastian (detail_) 1932 Bayonne poster1932 Bayonne, France [detail
19331933 Pamplona 19341934 Pamplona 19341934 Bilbao
19361936 Bayonne
19481948 19501950 Leiza, Navarre [detail] 1951 Bayonne1951 Bayonne [detail]
19531953 Leiza, Navarre 19571957 Bayonne, France 1957 poster1957 Bilbao  
19621962 19641964 Bibao    
no date, French Frenchno date, French  
19731973 festival 19741974 Bayonne 19761976 Bayonne, France 19821982
  19831983 Bayonne 19901990 Bayonne festival [detail] 1992 detail1992 Bayonne [detail]
20092009 Bilbao [detail] 20092009 Bibi Beaurivage – Biarritz 2013 new campaign2013 new campaign [detail] 2014 poster2014 Bayonne, France
Hotel publicity Bilbaono date Hotel Carlton, Bilbao 20152015 food festival [detail]  

20172017 Bayonne, France

2018 2018 Jaitzubi festivities-Hondarribia
20182018 (detail)
Oarso, Spainno date Oarso - Basquenjoy, Hondarribia no date, Franceno date, France  
2019 Bayonne poster2019 Bayonne (detail) 20192019 badgesBasque unknownunknown

unknownunknown (detail)

20202020 Basque - man and woman players [detail] 20222022 San Juan festival poster, Eibar
local artists
1922 Ramiro Arrue

Ramiro Arrue1925 RamiroArrue

Ramiro Arrue paintingRamiro Arrue playing for dancing
20thc postcard20th century postcard 1929 magazine cover1929 magazine cover Ramiro ArrueRamiro Arrue poster
1891 painting1891 Darío de Regoyos y Valdes playing for dancingplaying for dancing Aurelio AretaAurelio Arteta (detail)
Aurelio Arteta  Y Erresti Aurelio Arteta Y Erresti Jacques Tanneur Jacques Tanneur

Charles Homualk [detail]

playing for dancersCharles Homualk

Charles Homualk [detail]

1956 painting1956 playing for
folk dancing

PaintingJose Arrue [detail]

Ramiro Arrue Y Trebla painting

playing for dancing [detail]

card paintingJavier Ciga 20th century playerplayer from a postcard
1958 design1958 Oarso Renteria 1959 card1959 card playing for dancingplaying for dancing [detail] 1964 illustration1964 Bilbao map, illustration
  playing for dancingplaying for dancing postcard early 20th century playerearly 20th century player
by Aurelio Arteta
20th century painting20th century [detail]
Ramiro Arrue painting
Basque DanceRamiro Arrue painting
with sword dancersRamiro Arrue sword dancers  
postcardpostcard [thanks Terry Carter]
poster for teacherPoster for teacher

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