the Pipe and Tabor compendium

the Pipe and Tabor compendium

essays on the three-hole pipe

Europe by Country

Portugal

with thanks to Gwilym for his research

The 3-holed pipe played in north-east part of Portugal, Miranda do Douro, is generally called the pastoral flute, (flauta pastoral, or ‘fraita’ in the Mirandes language). The tabor is a tamboril.  Located on the border with Spain and part of Spain for a while, it has been geographically isolated from the rest of Portugal; traditional rural culture was preserved here for longer.  

1510 1515 tapestry
drawing by van Roome
15th century Lisbon
Antoine de Holland
tapestrytapestry
showing wedding

There is an unbroken tradition in N E Portugal.

Manuol Einácio in the 20th century.
Ângelo Arriba, 21st century
playing for folk dancing
With the border erased in the 1970’s as a result of the European Community, there now is much more coming and going between players in Spain and Portugal, practise
band practisea music workshop
 

The traditional musical line-up for most occasions follows a strict pattern of a trio consisting of either bagpipe or pipe and tabor, accompanied by a bass drum and a side drum. Since taborers did not play in groups together their pipes used to be  in varied keys.  However more recently the keys are being standardised.

Sometimes the pipe is played with the string drum. alterpiece1515 alterpiece 'Adoration of the Shepherds' (detail)
string drum

The situations when the pipe and tabor can be seen are firstly on religious occasions. There are specific tunes for going into mass, coming out of mass, processions for saints’ days and so on. Some villages have their own tunes which have persisted amongst folk musicians, despite official discouragement from the clerical authorities in the past.  Secondly, the music accompanies folk dancing. Thirdly, the music is played on social occasions, in bars and social gatherings. [source]

Some bands play traditional instruments at folk concerts .  player FrameFrame
tamboriltamboril GalandumGalandum's instruments

 

Women occasionally play the pipe - Las Çaranda Cirigoça in 2014 women band

"The work seeks to preserve, for future memory, two of the most expressive musical traditions of Miranda do Douro, through the life stories of the drummers and the Mirandese frita, a three-hole flute also known as pastoral flute: in Portuguese" book

 

another reseaarch visit: http://cfmb.icaap.org/content/33.3/BV33.3art13.pdf

 


top of page