the Pipe and Tabor compendium

the Pipe and Tabor compendium

essays on the three-hole pipe


Spain - Basque country 20th century


The Basque region on the borders of Spain and France have several mountain tabor pipe traditions, but the dominant form – the txistu – and the players – the txistulari – have become an expression of Basque identity. The first mention of the txistu dates from 1864.

local tourist posters
The Basque people are very proud of their culture. Every few years over the last 100 years tourist posters have been produced
featuring a man (mostly) playing the pipe and tabor.
These are details from posters:
1903 Leiza Navarre1903 Leiza, Navarre  
19201920 Pamplona 19211921 Pamplona 19231923 Pamplona 19271927 Pamplona
19271927 San Sebastian 19291929 Great Basque Week 19301930 Pamplona 19331933 Pamplona
19341934 Pamplona
19361936 Bayonne
19481948 19501950 Leiza, Navarre [detail] 1951 Bayonne1951 Bayonne [detail]
19531953 Leiza, Navarre 19571957 Bayonne, France 1957 poster1957 Bilbao 19641964 Bibao
no date, French Frenchno date, French 19731973 festival
19741974 Bayonne 19761976 Bayonne, France 19831983 Bayonne 19901990 Bayonne festival [detail] 1992 detail1992 Bayonne [detail]
20092009 Bilbao 20092009 Bibi Beaurivage – Biarritz 2013 new campaign2013 new campaign [detail] 2014 poster2014 Bayonne, France
Hotel publicity Bilbaono date Hotel Carlton, Bilbao 20152015 food festival [detail] 20172017 Bayonne, France

2018 2018 Jaitzubi festivities-Hondarribia

no date, Franceno date, France  
20202020 Basque - man and woman players [detail] badgesBasque  
local artists
1922 Ramiro Arrue Ramiro ArrueRamiro Arrue Ramiro ArrueRamiro Arrue  
1891 painting1891 Darío de Regoyos y Valdes playing for dancingplaying for dancing  
Aurelio Arteta  Y Erresti Aurelio Arteta Y Erresti Jacques Tanneur Jacques Tanneur

Charles Homualk [detail]

playing for dancersChalres Homualk

Charles Homualk [detail]

1956 painting1956 playing for
folk dancing

PaintingJose Arrue [detail]

Ramiro Arrue Y Trebla painting

playing for dancing [detail]

card paintingJavier Ciga  
1958 design1958 Oarso Renteria 1959 card1959 card playing for dancingplaying for dancing [detail] 1964 illustration1964 Bilbao map, illustration
statuetteceramic statuette bronze statuettebronze statuette playing for dancingplaying for dancing postcard
txistu (pipe)and tamboril (tabor)
early 20th century photographearly 20th century photograph  
20th century group20th century group photograph, txistu player on extreme left  
1905 band1905 players 1920players in San Sebastian, 1920  
Bilbao processionBilbao procession photographphotograph  
dancerspostcard, playing for folk dancing playing for 'dance with small sticks'playing for 'dance with small sticks' 1984 female player1984 France
playerssource playerplayer 2015 player2015 female players21st century, Basque country
Two women txistularis.
Basque paradeparade    
2001Banda de Txistularis Municipal de Pamplona playing in 2001 at the
annual Symposium of
The Taborers Society
players21st century source

21st century French21st century France


string drum
Victorian19th century Basque 1852 string drum1852 string drum 19th century string drum19th century string drum string drumCharles Homualk [detail]
string drumv playerBasque early 20th century 19231923 Basque 1945-19851945-1985 unknown painter  
1931 magazine article1931 magazine article 19341934 poster 19471947 postcard,
painter [detail]
srting drum and flagpostcard painting20th century, Basque, painting [detail] 20th playing for dancing20th century, Basque, playing for dancing
string drum playerstring drum player painted string drum with pipe and tabor21st century Basque
string drum with pipe and tabor
2009 string drum2009 string drum
stone carvings
Bayonne CathedralBayonne Cathedral

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