the Pipe and Tabor compendium

the Pipe and Tabor compendium

essays on the three-hole pipe

England: history of the pipe and tabor

18th century - literature


1707 religious treatise

“…Wo unto them that rise up early in the morning that they may follow strong drink,
that continue till night, til Wine inflame them and the Harp and the Viol, the Tabret and Pipe,
and Wine are in their Feasts but they regard not the work of the Lord…”

'The Practical Works of the late Reverend and Pious Mr. Richard Baxter'

1708 poem1708“   ‘Twill ne'er afflict your Mind, but when you're sober,
In Merriment, Bound to the Pipe and Tabor ;
We'll send our Sister Pheobe to assist your Labour.”

'The British Apollo, Or, Curious Amusements for the Ingenious' 1708-09-22: Vol 1 Iss 64


“I look upon myself, during the course of many years, to have resembled a tabor and pipe. I have since
very much endeavoured at the sweetness, of the lute but in spite of all my resolutions, I must confess with
great confusion, that I find myself daily degenerating into a bagpipe; whether it be the effect of my old age,
or of the company I keep, I know not.”

Tatler. No. 153, April 1, 1710.

1710 story:

"in Music, a Tabor; and Pipe;, a Cymbal or Horn-pipe;, will ravish the Mob,
more than the admirable Mr. Shoar with his incomparable Lute. . .”

in ‘The life of Mr. Thomas Betterton, the late eminent tragedian. Wherein the action and utterance of the state, bar, and pulpit,
are distinctly consider'd. With the judgment of de St. Évremond, upon the Italian and French music and opera's; in a letter to the
Duke of Buckingham by Charles Gildon  quoted in ‘A biographical dictionary of actors, actresses, musicians, dancers, managers
& other stage personnel in London, 1660-1800,’ by Philip H. Highfill, Jr., Kalman A. Burnim, and Edward A. Langhans. v.13

1719 'A Scotch Song'

"...Each bonny Lad shall with his loving Lass,
With Pipe and Tabor trip it on the Grass ;
With Chaplets gay my Jenny shall be crown'd,
And with her Loving Jockey 'Dance around :... "

the Words by Mr. John Hallam, Set to Musick by Mr. John Cotterel.
from: SONGS Compleat, Pleasant and Divertiv;


“…To solace their Lives, and to sweeten their Labour,
All met on a time with a Pipe and Tabor….”

‘Wit and Mirth: Or, Pills to Purge Melancholy: Being a Collection
of the Best Merry Ballads and Songs, Old and New. Fitted to All
Humours, Having Each Their Proper Tune for Either Voice, Or
Instrument: Most of the Songs Being New Set... Volume 2’
page 19 with music

1720 or 1731 story:

" The second time, Fryer Bungy and he went to sleepe, and Miles alone to watch the brazen head; Miles,
to keepe him from sleeping, got a tabor and pipe, and being merry disposed, sung this song "

'The famous Historic of Fryer Bacon: containing the wonderfull things that he did in his life; also the manner of his death;
with the lives and deaths of the two Conjurers, Bungye and Vandermast.' in Ancient Songs, Ballads, & Dance Tunes, Sheet Music & Lyrics.

1721 religious treatise

“…God was to be adored with the Heart and Affections, and not with a Fiddle, or a Pipe and Tabor….”

‘The Independent Whig’

1724 poem 1724‘The Session of Musicians.In Imitation of the Session of the Poets.’by Thomas Tickell

1729 play 1829‘The Smugglers. A farce of three acts. As it is acted by the Company of Comedians at the New Theatre in the Hay-Market. by Mr. Odell.’

1731 song 1731‘The Jovial Crew. A comic-opera. As it is acted at the Theatre-Royal, by His Majesty's servants. With the musick prefix'd to each song. 1731’
1732 poem

“…Deck the brown board who can desire
His flute and tabor too Amintor brings,
And while he plays, soft Amaryllis sings….”

London Magazine, or, Gentleman's Monthly Intelligencer..

1732 poem ‘AN EPISTLE To the Right Honorable ALLEN Lord BATHURST.’

“…No raftered roofs with dance and tabor sound,
No noon-tide bell invites the country round ;…”

Pope, Alexander, page 12 1733 edition

1734 poem 1734‘The Genuine Poetical Works of Charles Cotton, Esq; ... Illustrated with many curious cuts,’ ... 1734 by Cotton, Charles

1740 'A Burlesque Poem, In Blank Verse'

“…Waving in air; before him march in files
The rural minstrelsy, the rattling drum
Of solemn sound, and the' animating horn,
Each huntsman's joy: the tabor and the pipe,
Companion dear at feasts, whose cheerful notes
Give life and motion to the' unwieldy clown….”

'Hobbinol; or The Rural Games - Canto 3’ by William Somervile

1741 poem ‘Virgil’s Tomb’

“…Where now are all the nymphs that blessed the plains ?
Where, the full chorus of contented swains ?
The songs of love, of liberty and peace.
Are heard no more ; the dance and tabor cease :…”

'A collection of poems, by several hands' [ed. by R. Dodsley]. 1755


“nor were the People to be taught to hate one another: In short, God was to be adored
with the Heart and Affections, and not with a Fiddle, or a Pipe and Tabor.”

The Independent Whig, vol. 1 (7th ed. 1743) or Defence of Primitive Christianity

1744 essay 1744‘The Harleian Miscellany: or, A collection of scarce, curious, and entertaining pamphlets and tracts, as well in manuscript as in print’
by Oldys, William

1744 play: Thersites says:
“…There the trifling taborer , troubler of Tunis ,
Will pick Peter Pie-baker a penny worth of prunes
Nichol Never good a net and a nightcap
Knit will for Kit, whose knee caught a knap …”


1747 essay, ‘popish idolatry.’

“…place him upon a hand-barrow, and carry him through the whole parish in great pomp, attended by all
the inhabitants, preceded by a fiddle, and the sober din of pipe and tabor…”

‘Private vices the occasion of publick calamities. Proved from the nature of things; and by the testimony of the [sic] wisest, ... An essay.’ by Edward Lewis

1753 story

"…The chief on this occasion accompanied by a great number of young men, with guittars, jews-trumps,
castanets, and a small pipe and tabor, either on a summer's night, or by moonlight in the winter, dances
what they call a scaramouch;…he began his movements ; in which he continued capering, leaping and hallooing,
till, for want of breath, he could proceed no farther ; the tabor, pipe, castanets and guittar making all the while
a concert of all the dissonants in musick…"

‘The life and history of a pilgrim, a narrative founded on fact.’ by George Wollaston, Esq. 1753’

1751 play

“…And now, bring us forth, as the crown of our labor  
Much wine and good chear—
With the pipe and the tabor.
Let our nymphs all be kind, and our shepherds be gay :
For England, Old England, is happy to day.

They all mix in a dance, to the pipe and tabor  The End.”

‘Alfred : a masque. Acted at the Theatre-Royal in Drury Lane,
by His Majesty's servants’ by Mallet, David,
 Thomson, James,  Arne, Thomas Augustine,

1751 religious text 1751

‘The book of Jasher. With Testimonies and Notes explanatory of the Text.
To which is Prefixed, various readings. Translated into English from the Hebrew
by Alcuin, of Britain, who went a Pilgrimage into the Holy Land [...]’
by Alcuin, of York

1757 poem 'The Fleece' by John Dyer

“. ..While on the grass
The mingled youth in gaudy circles sport,
We think the Golden Age again return’d,
And all the fabled Dryades in dance:
Leering they bound along, with laughing air,
To the shrill pipe, and deep remurm’ring-cords
Of th’ancient harp, or tabor’s hollow sound…”

1759 oratorio 'Alfred the Great'
Page 7
“…But see! the Nymphs and Swains in sportive glee,
Pleas d with the Pipe and. Tabor’s merry Sound.
Stand! all aloof, not daring to advance;
Let us retire: we interrupt’s their Sport…”

Page 17
"Should ENGLAND succeed, we'll crown the Day’s Labour,
With Ale and good Cheer, the Pipe and the Tabor:
Each Nymph shall be kind, and each Shepherd be gay,
If ENGLAND, OLD ENGLAND, but conquer To-Day…”.

‘Alfred the Great; an oratorio. As perform'd at the Theatre-Royal in Drury-Lane. The music composed by Dr. Arne.’ 1759

1760 poem 'In return for a Set of Reading Ribbands.'
“…The Sister of the tearful Eye,
It seems, would write her Elegy.
‘Tis kind; ; but, by my Pipe and Tabor,
l save her Ladyship the Labour….”

'Poems on Several Occasions' by the Reverend John Langhorne. 1760

1760 ‘The Tyrant or The Ferry – a dialogue’

 “…our merry shade-driver has forgot to return---I believe he has drank a cup of Lethe, or has made
a wrestling match somewhere, or is playing on the pipe and tabor, or making a speech to some
corporation, or practising his dexterity as a pick-pocket ; for this too is one of his laudable occupations:…”

‘British Magazine; Or Monthly Repository for Gentlemen and Ladies’ 1760-06: Vol 1

1761 play 1761'Arcadia; or, the shepherd's wedding. A dramatic pastoral.
As it is performed at the Theatre- Royal in Drury-Lane.
The music composed by Mr. Stanley. 1761' by Lloyd, Robert.
1763 poem 'May' 1763‘A Bavin of Bays: containing various original essays in poetry. by a minor poet. 1763 by Perfect, William
1763 poem 1763The St. James's Magazine 1963-11: Vol 3

1766 'The Vicar of Wakefield' by Oliver Goldsmith

"...Being apprized on our approach, the whole neighborhood came out to meet their minister,
drest in their finest cloaths, and preceded by a pipe and tabor:..."

1766 'Cymon A Dramatic Romance as it is Performed at the
Theatre Royal, Drury Lane', by David Garrick1766 play“…he will now stick to his pipe and tabor, and sing away the loss of one place, till he can whistle himself into another..."


1767 Covent Garden Theatre verse tribute to Miss Wilford:

“…Her speech the songs of other Nymphs excels,
And on her lips persuasion blushing dwells;
Her smiles are as the streaming pow'rs of Light,
Which cheer And gild the rugged Front of Night.
To the quick Pipe And Tabor's lively sounds,
High as the Hind or Mountain Roe, she bounds…”

3 Feb 1767  Public Advertiser

1767 S 0 N G XVIII. Set by Mr. Arnold.

“…In vain do the shepherds & milkmaids advance,
In vain is the song, the pipe, tabor; and dance;
In vain are the fields all enamel'd and gay,
For each month is as welcome to Jenny as May…”

‘The London songster, or polite musical companion. Containing four hundred and fifty-four of the newest and most favourite songs, catches, duets, and ... 1767’

1767 ODE To SUMMER. Sweͤet by Mr. Bach.
“SOUND the merry pipe and drum,
Hither nymphs and shepherds come,
Summer smiles in rich array,
All is happy, all is gay
As the cheerful sun goes down, . .
Let sweet Mirth your labours crown:
Sound the merry pipe and drum,
Hither nymphs and shepherds come.”

‘The London songster, or polite musical companion. Containing four hundred and fifty-four of the newest and most favourite songs, catches, duets, and ... 1767’

Sung by Miss Brown, at Sadler's-Wells

“…Then, swains, with tabor, pipe, and glee, _
Let's, whilst we're here, grim Care deride ;
Come sport and frolic free with me,
In spite of age, and prudish pride:
The laws of love all should obey, .
Before December treads on May….”

‘The London songster, or polite musical companion. Containing four hundred and fifty-four of the newest and most favourite songs, catches, duets, and ... 1767’

1767 song, Sung in Eliza. Set by Dr. Arne.
“…But, ah! what a scene must appear!
Must the sweet rural pastimes be o'er ?
Shall the tabor no more strike the ear?
Shall the dance on the green be no more ?...”

‘The London songster, or polite musical companion. Containing four hundred and fifty-four of the newest and most favourite songs, catches, duets, and ... 1767’

1770 poem “Lovely Betty's Reply;  Her kind Invitation
to welcome her Billy Home again.”1770‘Lovely Betty's Garland. Beautified with several excellent new songs. ... 1770’

1770 poem ‘COOPER“ S WELL’

“…Amphion play'd so well the Theban riggle,
He made their stones to skip, their Girls to giggle :
His pipe and tabor touch'd so much the blood,
The merry Piper did what e're he wou'd….”

‘The Court of Cupid. by the author of the Meretriciad. Containing the eighth edition of the Meretriciad, with great additions.’ In two volumes. 1770: Vol 2

1771 poem 1771The London Magazine, or Gentleman's Monthly Intelligencer 1771-04: Vol 40 ‘The Story of Zevn ALASMAN Prince of Balsora,
in the Arabian Nights Entertainments, done in English Verse, with Additions and Imitations, in three Cantos.’

1772 'Epithalamium on the Marriage of the Earl of Strathmore'1772The Scots Magazine - Saturday 01 February 1772

1774 poem from: ‘Poems on Several Occasions’ 1774

1774 poem ‘SUMMER : the GLORY of the Year!’

1774‘Poor Robin. 1774. An almanack after the old; yet nevertheless as agreeable ... to the newest new fashion: ... Written by old honest Poor Robin,’ by Winstanley, William

1774 poem 'H A M P T O N- G A Y.'

“…Alas ! the pleasing sounds are heard no more
Of rural pipe and tabor at the door ;
When each bright nymph and swain did jocund sing
And welcom'd in the dance, returning Spring…”

‘Poems on Several Occasions’

1774 poem:

“…To cure, wou'd be vexatious labour,
Unless you order Pipe and Tabor :
The patients have no other chance,
They must or die, or skip and dance;…”

'Mousike-Latreia; or, a fiddle the best doctor. 1774' by Schomberg, R. (Ralph)

1774 poem 1774'The London Songster, or Polite Musical Companion' page 127
1775 poem 1775‘The delightful vocal companion; or, polite songster. Containing a curious collection of the best new songs, ... 1775’

17771777‘The Dramatic Muse; or jubilee songster, consisting of all the songs sung at the Stratford jubilee:
likewise, the newest and most favourite airs, songs, and catches, sung at the playhouses and public gardens. 1777’

1777 'May-Day or The Little Gypsy' play by David Garrick1777
1778 poem 1778Caledonian Mercury - Saturday 08 August 1778
1778 story

“…And dancing to the lively airs , of the pipe and tabor, was most agreeable to the gay and lively
….The instruments which they have, are of the simplest kind ; besides the pipe and tabor…”

‘The travels of Hildebrand Bowman, esquire, : into Carnovirria, Taupiniera, Olfactaria, and Auditante, in New-Zealand;
in the Island of Bonhommica, and in the powerful Kingdom of Luxo-volupto, on the great southern continent.’ by Bowman, Hildebrand

1779 story‘CHAP. IV. The Kingdom of Pegu.’

“Musical Instruments - The people of this country have various sorts of music instruments
which the pipe and tabor are most esteemed ;…”

‘An Universal History : from the earliest accounts to the present time’
by George Sale, George Psalmanazar, Archibald Bower, George Shelvocke , John Campbell, John Swinton

1779 poem 1779'Miscellaneous Poems' by Ewan Clark

1780 song ‘Courteous Stranger’

“…Cares unbending
Thy journey ending,
Now strike it to the merry pipe and tabor :
Welcome, stranger, welcome here,…”

‘The festival of Momus, a collection of comic songs,
including the modern and a variety of originals.’ 1780

1780 song 'The Irish Lad'1780‘The Lover's Jubilee. Being a choice collection of new songs, sung this
and the last season, at Ranelaugh, Vauxhall, Sadler's Wells, the theatres ,
and in the Politest Companies.’ 1780

1780 medical advice:

“…the merry pipe and Tabor will exhilerate,
and raise the moping head of melancholy,
depressed by Religious Dispair, Disapointed
Ambition, or hopeless Love;…”

‘A dissertation upon the nervous system to show its influence upon the soul.’


“…thou with thy pipe and tabor in thy hand,
I in a  dancer's posture, gay, new-shod,
and of pure gold, and glorious as a God!...”

‘A select collection of poems: with notes, biographical and historical. 1780: Vol 1’

1781 poem 1781The Bird: containing a choice collection of love, hunting
and bachanalian songs [&c.]. by Bird
1781 play ‘THE JOVIAL CREW. AIR XLIII.’1781‘Bell's British Theatre, Consisting of the Most Esteemed English Plays...’
by John Bell
1781 1781

“…And still be heard from forth your gladsome bowers
Shrill tabor-pipes, and every peaceful sound !...”

‘The Lady's Poetical Magazine, or, Beauties of British Poetry’

1782 song 1782 songHampshire Chronicle - Monday 19 August 1782
1782 children's poem 1782'Henry, or, The Wanderer Reclaimed : a sacred poem humbly addressed to British youth' by De Fleury, Maria,


“…And now the troop of jolly villagers were admitted, preceded by the lively pipe and tabor….”

The London Magazine, or Gentleman's Monthly Intelligencer 1782-12: Vol 51

17831793 diary from Journals and Correspondence of Miss Berry From the Year 1783 to 1852, Volume 1.
Author: Mary Berry (Kirkbridge, Park of Stanwick, North Riding of Yorkshire,
1784 song 1784‘The Kentish songster: or, ladies and gentlemen's miscellany. Containing above fourteen hundred of the most celebrated
English, Scotch, and Irish songs; in which are included all the favourite songs sung ... in the season of the year 1784.’
1784 from 'A COLLECTION of PASTORAL SONGS - 16'1784‘The Kentish songster: or, ladies and gentlemen's miscellany. Containing above fourteen hundred of the most celebrated
English, Scotch, and Irish songs; in which are included all the favourite songs sung ... in the season of the year 1784.’
1784 'A COLLECTION of PASTORAL SONGS - 94' 1784‘The Kentish songster: or, ladies and gentlemen's miscellany. Containing above fourteen hundred of the most celebrated English, Scotch, and Irish songs; in which are included all the favourite songs sung ... in the season of the year 1784.’ 1784 'SOCIAL and, CONVIVIAL SONGS - 79'1784‘The Kentish songster: or, ladies and gentlemen's miscellany. Containing above fourteen hundred of the most celebrated English, Scotch, and Irish songs;
in which are included all the favourite songs sung ... in the season of the year 1784.’
1784 song ‘The Irish Lad.’1784Sung by Mrs. Wrighten, in the new comic opera called The Double Disguise. 1784 by Hook, Mrs. (James)

1785 poem

“Merrily play on the tabor and pipe,
For here we come all to dancing.
You, bonny Kate, shall be Colin's mate;
O, there will be skipping and prancing…..”

'Catches, glees and canons : for three, four, five and six voices' / composed by Dr. [William] Hayes. Book IV

1787 songs1787 song‘Lyric repository. A collection of original, ancient, & modern songs, duets, catches, glees & cantatas. Selected for their poetical and literary merit.’ 1787

1788 song from: ‘Additional Songs introduced in the Opera of INKLE and YARICO, as performed at Covent-Garden Theatre.’

“…While all around rejoice,
Pipe and Tabor raise the voice,…”

The Universal Magazine of Knowledge and Pleasure 1788-10: Vol 83 Iss 579

1790 song ‘If Round the World’
“…He springs on shore assured to meet  
The partner lov'd most dearly.
In merry dance, with nimble feet,
To pipe and tabor cheerly”

'The Buck's Pocket Companion: or the Merry Fellow: a choice collection of songs, with a new selection of toasts and sentiments. - A new edition.' 1790

1790 poem ‘Hoel the Bard’

“…The pipe and tabor shall revive the plain,…”

'The Wreath; a collection of poems'. by T. Nicholls.

1791 ‘DUET. Sung by Mr. Ewin Mrs. Martyr, in the Farmer,’

“…For dance we're ripe, . D'ye hear the pipe
And tabor
, how rat- tat- able…”

The Whim of the Day, (for 1791,) containing AN ENTERTAINING SELECTION OF THE CHOICEST AND MOST
APPROVED SONGS NOW singing at the Theatres Royal, the ANACREONTIES Society, the BEEF-STEAK CLUB,
And other Convivial and Polite Assemblies.

1791 story 17911791'Romance of the Forest' by Anne Radcliffe ... complete in one volume

1792 play 'Modern antiques, or, The merry mourners. A farce, in two acts.’ by O'Keeffe, John1792


1796 story

“A lame youth, whom Apollo had recompensed with pipe, and to which he had added a tabourin of his own accord,
ran sweetly over the prelude, as he sat upon the bank-… The youth struck the note upon the tabourin-his pipe followed,
and off we bounded…”  

‘Gleanings from the works of Laurence Sterne, Comprising tales, humourous and descriptive, sermons, letters, &c. &c. &c.' 1796


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