the Pipe and Tabor compendium

the Pipe and Tabor compendium

essays on the three-hole pipe

England: history of the pipe and tabor

Victorian folk traditions (1830 - 1900)



Although there was a decline of the use of the pipe and tabor in Victorian times
it was still to be seen on the streets in processions, (solo or as part of a band),
at traditional activities such as fetes and fairs, on public holidays and at rituals
that had been traditional celebrations for the middle and lower classes for
hundreds of years.

1859 newspaper report 1859Northern Daily Times - Saturday 28 May 1859

May Day

"Hertfordshire has a long tradition of celebrating May Day ... The traditional
celebrations started very early in the morning, before dawn, when groups
of young people, usually accompanied by musicians playing instruments
such as the pipe and tabor, would gather to collect branches of may
(hawthorn) from local woodlands."

1826 May Queen story May QueenMaria Edgeworth
1844 children's story 1844The Gift for All Seasons: A Juvenile Annual page 94

1845 procession1845The Christian mother's magazine, ed. by Mrs. Milner Volume 2 page 286

1846 18461846Bentley's Miscellany Volume 19 page 557

1849 poem in newspaper describing collecting flowers early on May morning:

“…Even this morning—no longer ago,
I saw a shoal of shepherds out go,
With singing, anl shouting, and jolly cheer ;
Before them went a lusty tabourer,
That unto many a hornpipe play’d
Whereto they danced, each one with his maid….”

‘Illustrated London Almanack’ Vol. 5 1849, page 23

18551855Lady's Newspaper and Pictorial Times - Saturday 28 April 1855
1860 ‘The Month May’ advertisement from John Barren  Merchant Tailor and General Outfitter’1860Leeds Times - Saturday 12 May 1860
1860 poem ‘The Queen of the May’1860‘The household book of poetry’ by Dana, Charles A.
18621862 poem

1860's poem ‘May Day Songs’ by WC Bennett:

"Your fathers met the May,
With laughter, dance, and tabor;
Come, be as wise as they:
Come steal today from labour...
Talk not of want of leisure;
Believe me, life was made,
For laughter, mirth and pleasure,
Far more than toil and trade"

'May Day In South London: a history' by Neil Transpontine

1867 Mayday procession the the olden time (detail) 1867 18671867 taborer leads the procession
milkmaids procession 18721872 milkmaids procession, "The Milkmaids' May Day in Olden Time" London; pipe and tabor with fiddler
(The Graphic)
1880 newspaper report: milkmaids processionThe Graphic (London, England) Saturday, May 1, 1880; Issue 544.
1881 Mayday festival is not celebrated any more: 18811881Baily's Magazine of Sports & Pastimes Volume 37 page 229
1888 1888'The Musical Times' 1888, May 1st page 266

1896 May Day procession

“At Charlton-on-Otmoor, Oxon, on May morning a procession used to start from the vicarage,
headed by two men carrying a large garland of flowers on a stick. With them went six morris-dancers,
a fool or " Squire," who carried a bladder and a money-box, and a man who played the pipe and tabour”

'Old English Customs Extant at the Present Time An Account of Local Observances Festival Customs and
Ancient Ceremonies yet Surviving in Great Britain' by T. H. Titchfield, London, 1896


Chimney sweeps procession

1823, 1 May: The chimney-sweepers as usual paraded the streets, but with more pomp than last year.
In addition to their ordinary finery they had a drum & pipe, &c.

Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS.Eng.hist.c.144. Frederic Madden MSS., 'Journal for 1823', f.86.

18361836 the Lord and Lady are arguing and soaked through due to the heavy rain, the Clown despondantly walks along with his hands in his pockets, the taborer has his drum on his back.
© The Trustees of the British Museum

1841 1841Wolverhampton Chronicle and Staffordshire Advertiser - Wednesday 02 June 1841
18411841 sweeps festivalWolverhampton Chronicle and Staffordshire Advertiser - Wednesday 02 June 1841

1842 Lambeth, London

 Two gentlement "were driving a
spirited horse past ... Kennington-
road, when some sweeps, accompanied
with drums and fifes, startled the
horse, which became wholly
unmanageable, and in a few
seconds dashed the vehicle
against the iron corner post"

1849 report in London 1849Inverness Courier - Thursday 10 May 1849

“No longer milkmaids dance along the Strand on May-morning - even the leaves of
Jack-in-the-Green are withered - and the chimney-sweepers, who were wont to summon
our half-pence by the rattling broom and shovel, no longer call on May-day for the yearly dole. True it is, that imposters, men lost to the sweetness of self-respect, do on May-day caper on the streets, and with ghastly merriment strive to make us smile and pay. But, reader, put no faith in such forlorn merry-makers ; they are not sweepers. They never made soot their daily bread"

Punch [almanac] VI (London: Punch, 1844), page 196

18601860 Annual Chimney Sweeps Festival, May 1st London, with pandean pipes 18601860 (detail)

 "The juvenile members of the [sweeps] profession disport themselves in fancy dresses - faded finery
from Drury Lane, and things that once were smart from Monmouth Street - and parade the thoroughfares
with drums and fifes ... To-day, however, in violation of all the canons of art in such matters, some of the
sweeps set at nought the good old custom, and actually had the hardihood to appear in washed faces!"

By the 1880's the Jack-in-the-Green procession had changed as the sweeps were invited to a formal dinner
rather than processing round the streets:

"And on May-morning the deceivers take on the character of sweeps, and dance the unwary out of
halfpence. As for the real sweeps, they have advanced in luxury, and dine at Copenhagen-house. They
dance, too, but then it is to the sounds of hireling minstrels ; they have become respectable, and have left
the streets to cheats and imposters"

Punch [almanac] VI (London: Punch, 1844), page 196.

1899 ‘Our London Letter’1899Norfolk News - Saturday 06 May 1899


18311831 May Day satire
© National Portrait Gallery, London

"The prisoners were dressed up in an eccentric style. Sharpe and Ellis were clowns; Davis [sic] was papered
and spangled as "My Lord," and Vincent, as "Jack in the Green."     Bird stated that yesterday morning,
about twelve o'clock, prisoners entered Bedford-row with a fife and drum, followed by an immense
crowd of persons, when they commenced dancing"

The Morning Post, 4 May 1836, page 4.

“for some few years ago, the dancing on May-day began to decline; small sweeps were
observed to congregate in twos or threes, unsupported by a "green," with no *' My Lord"
to act as master of the ceremonies, and no " My Lady*' to preside over the exchequer.
Even in companies where there was a green, it was an absolute nothing — a mere sprout;
and the instrumental accompaniments rarely extended beyond the shovels and a set of
Pan-pipes, better known to the many, as a mouth organ."

"Sketches by Boz: Illustrative of Every-day Life, and Every-day People, Charles Dickens page 337

18571857 date unknownsource  

1881 1881'All the Year Round' page108

1890“Jack-in-the-Green – A May Day Scene Sixty Years Ago” by Charles Green
The Graphic May 3 1890
Maypole dancing
1829, July 4th (letter addressed To the Editor of the Mirror.)

"Three years ago you .... lamented the decrease of village
festivity and rural merriment, which in days langsyne cheered the honest
hearts and lightened the daily toil of our rustic ancestors. ... the song, the dance, and innocent
revelry are not quite forgotten in some part of our land...I arrived in the village of Shillingston (Dorsetshire),
.....a village fete which I lately witnessed and enjoyed....the company were just arriving in procession,
preceded by a pink and white silken banner, while a pipe and tabor regulated their march. ...
led the party off in the order they came to witness the ceremony of "dressing" the May-Pole...."
18301830Sun (London) - Saturday 30 October 1830
1832 1832The Journal of Health. Conducted by an Association of Physicians 1832-05-09: Vol 3 Iss 17
18321832 satire, playing for
maypole dancers
1836 painting1835 painting (detail) ' May-day, in the Reign of Queen Elizabeth'  
1836 playing for maypole dancers1836 playing for maypole dancers 1836part of original 'Old May Day'
18361836 'May day in the reign of Queen Elizabeth' 18361836 whole painting
1837 1837The Ancient English Morris Dance by Michael Heaney · 2023
18411841The Ladies' Garland Volume 4, Issue 11 page 249
18411841 imagined Elizabethan maypole musicians 18411841 detail from engraving 1844 The Betley window image was reproduced again:1844 Betley window maypole

1844 ‘Young Englandism’ a political essay1844Liverpool Albion - Monday 17 June 1844

1845 poem 'The Merrie Times of Old'1845Leamington Spa Courier - Saturday 01 March 1845 1845 poem 1845‘Poems: Scriptural Classical and Miscellaneous’ by Richard Charles Coxe
1848 ‘The First of May’1848Leamington Spa Courier - Saturday 06 May 1848
1849 ‘Where are the Smiles' by Thomas Vaughan1849Hereford Journal - Wednesday 09 May 1849
1849 “…But time has not preserved even the names of the mazy measures which they danced;
and nearly all we know of the ancient pipe and tabor, the favourite music to which they timed
their footsteps, is gathered from glancing at some scarce engraving….”

‘Illustrated London Almanack’ Vol. 5 1849, page 23

1850 story 1850The History and Legends of Old Castles & Abbeys - page 566
1853 May Day article in the USA 1853Harper's New Monthly Magazine Volume 6 page 850
1855 painting ' Raising the Maypole' set in Jacobean times 1855
1862 review of Oxford Music Hall  ‘Jolly Beggers’1862Sun (London) - Friday 09 May 1862

1863 poem 'ACROSTIC.'
“…Now the shepherds tune their lay
Round the merry maypole high,
And the happy swains so gay
Number 'neath the bright blue sky ;
Send the pipe and tabor round, …”

'Jottings' by Ransford, Edwin

18641864 Chamber's Book of Days
(more images of this taborer here)
1864characters dance around the maypole
1872 poem by Fredrick Burrington1872Western Times - Friday 20 December 1872
1823-18721823-1872 playing for maypole dancing, border print 1823-1872taborer with dancers
1886 Maypole ‘Fair for a Fund for providing a curate and mission room’1886Cheltenham Looker-On - Saturday 11 December 1886

1889 Australian newspaper report on May Day ‘Here and There’1889Williamstown Chronicle (Vic. : 1856 - 1954) Saturday 24 August 1889 - Page 3

1889 Floral Fete at the Albert Hall, London 1889
1890 A story: ‘Something for Young Folks, a Dream of May Day’1890Warminster & Westbury journal, and Wilts County Advertiser - Saturday 03 May 1890
Harvest Home Procession
early Victorianearly 19th century,
playing for harvest home
18361836 harvest time
“…Of peasants when they bring
The harvest of the earth.
With pipe and tabor hither roam
All ye who love our Harvest-home.
Hurrah for the English yeoman !...”

'Fleet Street Eclogues' by Davidson, John

John Prescott Knight (1803-1881) painted the 'Harvest Home Evening' .
The 1837 Liverpool exhibition catalogue described the painting:

"The last load is brought in and stops under the village maypole which has been decorated for the occasion. The harvest queen advances accompanied by the cheerful pipe and tabor "

New Lyrical Almanack for 1837

1838 Harvest home:

" Crown'd with the cares of cornc, now come,
And, to the pipe, sing harvest home.
Come forth, my lord, and see the cart,
Drest up with all the country art.

 The pipe and the tabor are now busily set awork,
and the lad and the lass will have no lead on their heels.
O, 'tis the merry time," 

The New Monthly Magazine and Humorist,
part 3, ed Theodore Hook, Rural Festivals

1857 from:" Ballad: THE HAYMAKER'S SONG.

[AN old and very favourite ditty sung in many parts of England
at merry-makings, especially at those which occur during the hay-
harvest. It is not in any collection.]

And when that bright day faded,
And the sun was going down,
There was a merry piper
Approached from the town:
He pulled out his pipe and tabor,
So sweetly he did play,
Which made all lay down their rakes,
And leave off making hay.

Then joining in a dance,
They jig it o'er the green; ..."

Ancient Poems, Ballads and Songs of the Peasantry of England
edited by Robert Bell, part 4

1858 'The Old Water Mill' by John Farmer1858 Harvest HomeBorough of Greenwich Free Press - Saturday 12 June 1858

1859 writing about the 17th century:
"the Harvest Cart, and the garland of flowers crowns the captain of the Reapers : the battle of the field is now stoutly fought. The pipe and the tabor are now busily set a-work ;
and the lad and the lass will have no lead on their heels...."

harvest homeplaying for dancers; pipe and tabor with fiddler
1863 Frant Harvest Home 1863Surrey Gazette - Tuesday 22 September 1863
18671867Western Gazette - Friday 27 September 1867
1869 ' Harvest Home' by E J de Barr1869 The Ipswich Journal - Saturday 28 August 1869

Sept 24th 1869 Harvest Home:

a procession from the harvest fields
when all the work was done

" while a pipe and tabor went merrily
sounding in front, and the reapers tripped ..."

18831883Tamworth Herald - Saturday 28 July 1883

1891 from the poem 'Tis Harvest Time (Scotland)

"At daylight forth to labour
The healthy peasant hies;
Nor sound of pipe and tabor
Could happier make him rise ..."

1893 from the poem ‘Michaelmas’

"Of peasants when they bring
The harvest of the earth.
With pipe and tabor hither roam
All ye who love our Harvest-home.
Hurrah for the English yeoman"

Fleet Street eclogues (1893)
Davidson, John

1895 poem indicates that the pipe and tabor were played whilst the harvest was being collected: "In an old song
picked up in the West of England, these were the music of the haysel dance -

The pipe and tabor both shall play,
The viols loudly ring,
From morn till eve each summer day,
As we go hay-making.”

'English minstrelsie : a national monument of English song' by Baring-Gould, S. (Sabine)

Whitson Ale

early Victorian North Leigh, Oxfordshire

"The Ale started with a procession round the village to the Lord's Hall,....

The procession was completed by the Morris with a ‘pipe and taborer’.

18271827The Mirror - Page 7
1837 Woodstock Whitsun Ale 18371837Whitsun in 19th century  Oxfordshire by Alun Hokins

1854 Northamptonshire 1854Glossary of Northamptonshire Words and PhrasesAnne Elizabeth Baker · 1854 page 433

May 15th 1869
"It was the custom of our simple ancestors to have parochial meetings every Whitsuntide,...
all agreeing to be good friends for once in the year, and spend the day in a sober joy.
The squire and lady came with their piper and taborer; the young danced or played at bowls;
the old looked on, sipping their ale from time to time. It was a kind of pic-nic..."

"A large empty barn, or some such building, is provided for the lord's hall, and fitted up with
seats to accommodate the company. ...
The lord's music, consisting of a pipe and tabor, is employed to conduct the dance."

Francis Douce

1874 1874Sheffield Daily Telegraph - Saturday 30 May 1874
18791879Croydon Guardian and Surrey County Gazette - Saturday 31 May 1879
1884 'Whitsuntime at Woodstock'1884The Midland Garner 1884 - Page 18

"The observance of Whitsun Ales was kept up until recent years. … There was dancing on the ground in front of the barn, as many as fifty couples dancing at a time. There were also morris-dancers... accompanied by a musician who carried a pipe and small drum."

Whitsun in 19th century  Oxfordshire by Alun Hokins

1890's romantic poem1890's part of a romantic poem from the
Illustrated London News, Christmas Edition
19th centuryRoy Dommett's Morris, 2017
1877 The Holy Thorn Bush was supposed to bloom at midnight on the old Christmas Day: 1877newspaper cuttingWeston-super-Mare Gazette, and General Advertiser - Saturday 13 January 1877
Civic processions  

Dunmow Flitch
The Flitch Trials are held every 4 years in Great Dunmow, Essex. They exist to award a flitch of bacon to married couples from anywhere in the world, if they can satisfy the Judge and Jury of 6 maidens and 6 bachelors that in 'twelvemonth and a day', they have 'not wisht themselves unmarried again'.

Four musicians were at the front of the procession in 1841, one of whom was a pipe and tabor player' who played with so much glee that he cannot refrain from dancing to his own music.' Leeds Intelligencer - Saturday 10 April 1841

  Dunmow processionGreat Dunmow procession
1832 drawing
1841 Great Dunmow procession 1841Leeds Intelligencer - Saturday 10 April 1841

1841 Dunmow Flitch1841 Dunmow Flitch procession

In 1855 the taborers were placed near the back of the procession for the ‘The Flitch of Bacon Pageant’: Two pipe and tabor players were 13th in the procession just infront of the flitch. 1855Essex Standard - Friday 20 July 1855  
rush-bearing procession  

Wakes Week Lancashire

“The cotton mill and coal town of Westhoughton annually celebrates its Wakes Week Festival… According to Whittle's ‘History of Lancashire’, it is recorded that "... there used to be a grand rush- bearing, which was carried on by the people here … accompanied by a procession of pipe and tabor, and the richest household plate fixed upon a cart filled with rushes, for the church …”

'Yearbook of English Festivals' by Spicer, Dorothy Gladys, 1972


meeting and greeting

1842 It appears to be the custom to greet respectable visitors with a procession that includes the pipe and tabor. 1842 meet and greet

1879 Political Rhyme - ‘To the Liberal electors of North Norfolk'1879Durham County Advertiser - Friday 07 February 1879  
1892 In an essay entitled ‘So Respectable’ the pipe and tabor are still remembered as being used to greet honoured folk: 1892Bridge of Allan Reporter - Saturday 06 February 1892  
1843 Election procession 1843Bell's Weekly Messenger - Monday 01 May 1843  
Lichfield Bower procession  

1819 the pipe and tabor lead the procession. This tradition continued into Victorian times, sometimes with and sometimes without the pipe and tabor.

1825 Whit Monday at Lichfield.
To the Editor of the Every-Day Book.

Sir,—In the pleasant little city of Lichfield... the annual fair for the exhibition of shows, &c. is held on Whit Monday, and it is the custom on that day for a procession, accompanied with musicians, flags, &c. to be formed, composed of part of the corporation, with its inferior officers, &c. who are joined by several of the best mechanics of the place, each of whom carries a representation in miniature of his separate workshop and mode of trade,.... The procession walks from the guildhall to a high hill in the vicinity of the city, called Greenhill, (but which is now nearly surrounded by houses,) where a temporary booth has been erected, with a small space of ground enclosed at the front with boards. This booth is also decorated with flowers, and hence the fair has derived the appellation of “The Greenhill Bower.” On arriving at this booth, the gates of the enclosed park are opened and the procession enters....."

Hone Everyday Book page 667


“…There is yet enough left ... to create an association with the times of our merry forefathers. The pipe and tabor are still heard, and the morrice-dancers, with their sticks and bells, and gaudy party-coloured dresses, still display their grotesque antics in our streets….

 In 1839 General Dyott wrote: ‘I had the usual visit from the Morrice dancers in their party-coloured robes, but the old musick of tabor and pipe was missing” Evidently other people were also disappointed because the Bower Committee in 1840 agreed ‘to include a tabor and pipe amongst the music’…

The picture in the Illustrated London News of 1850 which had shown the morris men led by a pipe and tabor player, and saying: ‘“Old Taboring Billy” was the last of his race who did duty at the Bower, and he too was gone”

‘The Morris in Lichfield’ by Roy Judge Folklore 1992: Vol 103 Iss 2

18501850Wolverhampton Chronicle and Staffordshire Advertiser - Wednesday 29 May 1850 1850 child player1850 child player
in procession
order of procession started with: 1850Illustrated London News - Saturday 25 May 1850
1877 Lichfield Bower procession 1877Staffordshire Advertiser - Saturday 26 May 1877
other processions
1833 Shaftsbury Prize Byzant1833Gloucestershire Chronicle - Saturday 10 August 1833  
18891889Bucks Herald - Saturday 30 November 1889  
1896 in Ripon 1896Daily Telegraph & Courier (London) - Thursday 20 August 1896

1897 procession
"Jubilee pageant and sale of work at Honington Hall ....
The procession included a pipe and tabor player."

Warwick and Warwickshire Advertiser - Saturday 07 August 1897

Wedding processions

1840:wedding procession descriptionWorks, by Edward Howard, Volume 1  ‘Jack Ashore’, p143

1843 wedding procession observed in 'Great Cities': 1843Kentish Mercury - Saturday 04 March 1843
1849 At Theatre Royal, Haymarket – play 'The Brigand': 1849Globe - Thursday 22 March 1849

1862 wedding procession ‘ABOUT SHEIMPINGTON’
“…Here are Jemmy and Jenny Jessamy going to be married at the ivy-grown church. Pipe and tabor,
and " loud bassoon," of course, playing before….Pipe and tabor, loud bassoon and merry train pass
him, and he bows his head very sorrowfully…”

'Accepted addresses' by George Augustus H.F. Sala

18911891Sheffield Independent - Saturday 13 June 1891
plough Monday
18451845Northampton Mercury - Saturday 11 January 1845

" Many of the old games, and masques, and mummings, which were in accordance with the simple habits of our
homely forefathers, have long since passed away…What we have here presented is a faithful portraiture of rural
England only twenty years ago; and there are still, we believe, a few green quiet corners in our island, where
Plough Monday is kept up to the present day....January, with its short days and long nights, though it still comes
as of old, with frost, and snow, and cold, and darkness, brings with it once a year its merry Plough Monday,…
sometimes the old-fashioned pipe and tabor, which have been blown and beaten by the descendants of the same
family, through many generations, are called in to awaken the sleeping echoes of winter. You hear the noisy group
long before they heave into sight along the winding lane
…They knocked at the door—there was no answer. “ Betsy” rattled his box louder than ever, but no one came;
drum, tabor, pipe, and violin thundered and screamed in vain… Gee-ho ! Comc-up!” exclaimed the man who
held the stilts or handles of the plough, and in a moment the deep bright share was into the ground: backwards
and forwards it went, cutting deeper, and the men pulling stronger at every furrow they made, until the whole
lawn at the front of the miser s house lay brown, bare, and ridgy as a newly-ploughed field...."

‘Illustrated London Almanack’ Vol. 5 1849

1865 1865'The Works of Washington Irving: The crayon miscellany' by Washington Irving
18691869 plough Monday 1869dancing with the plough, an imagined scene

There are two types of wassailing; one when you go door to door around a town and the other is when you go to an orchard to wassail for a good crop of apples, pears or plums. 'waes hael', which means 'good health'.

The Twelfth Night Wassail Bowl
Illustrated London News Jan 5th 1856

18561856 with a bagpiper

Canu Cwnsela
(Wassail Song)

"Good luck to your labours
Your pipes and your tabors;
But frist tell me, neighbours,
Who be you?"


"Hark the kirkbelis cheerlie ring
Christinas tide is comin' 0
  Let us dance an let us sing,
To tabor, pipe, an drumin' 0."

source 1846 The piper's wallet, supplied with
the harmony of the muses, in a collection
of original songs composed by two literary gentlemen

18491849De Merley: A Legend of the Wansbeck in the Olden Time
by William Henry Short
'Holly Red and Mistletoe' (A Christmas Carol from the Isle of Wight)
Collected / Transcribed P Stone 1890's

“…Heralding the wondrous birth
Hark! The angels singing,
“Goodwill to men and Peace on earth”
Christmas bells are ringing.
Refrain: Forward pipe and tabor go
Voicing harmless folly
Holly red and mistletoe
Mistletoe and holly….”
Punch and Judy
1849 St Giles Fair, Oxford 1849Oxford University and City Herald - Saturday 08 September 1849 18841884
peep show / raree show
18321832 satire 1847 story 1847Nights of the round table: or, Stories of aunt Jane by Christian Isobel Johnstone page 42
1859 newspaper commentary 1859Union - Friday 24 June 1859

"The Raree-show, or, as it was also called, Peep-show or Gallantry-show. I fancy that this device
was decrepit and well on the way to extinction in the 1850s, for its professors were usually poor
fellows of the shabbiest description. The Raree-show was a box supported on a stick or, if of the
larger variety, on a barrow, in which were placed pictures, sometimes rude paintings, but more
often engravings, which could be viewed through peep-holes on payment of a halfpenny. The
box was often surmounted by the Union Jack and by placards announcing the rarity and beauty
(both highly supposititious) of the pictures within; with perhaps an earnest entreaty to "support
the Fine Arts." Some were lighted at night by a candle. People, chiefly children, were attracted,
sometimes by sound of trumpet, in sufficient numbers to keep the proprietor's soul in his body,
but hardly more. During the Crimean War and Indian Mutiny …custom had spasms of activity,
but after 1860 …pictures grew commoner and cheaper. Then the Raree-show died the death,
at all events in London. Its tableaux were poor, and it was a sorry business. Yet we read of the
arrival of such a show in a village constituting quite an event earlier in the century...."

London and Londoners in the Eighteen-Fifties and Sixties, by Alfred Rosling Bennett, 1924 - Chapter 6 - Street Entertainers


1864 ”Besides the usual carol singers and hymn singers who went from house to house I recollect we were
always visited by a piper a little before Xmas" The writer added that the instrumental combination of three-holed
pipe and tabor drum was a rare one by that date.”

London, British Architectural Library, Manuscripts and Archives Collection, Sir George Gilbert Scott Papers, Sc GGS/3, notebook 1,
'Personal & Professional Recollections', f. 27, written 22 January 1864; published in Recollections of Nineteenth-Century Buckinghamshire, p. 18

Cotswold Games
18781878The Athenaeum page 724
Dancing bear
1885 'Brother Bruin' by Christina Georgina Rossetti

“A dancing Bear grotesque and funny
Earned for his master heaps of money,
Gruff yet good-natured, fond of honey,
And cheerful if the day was sunny.
Past hedge and ditch, past pond and wood
He tramped, and on some common stood;
There cottage children circling gaily,
He in their midmost footed daily.
Pandean pipes and drum and muzzle
Were quite enough his brain to puzzle:…
with pandean pipesVictorian, with pandean pipes


Also see:
double pipes
morris dance
pandean pipes
'piper' - Regency and Victorian terminology
street entertainers
'tabber / taberer'
'whittle and dub'
Cecil Sharp, morris pipe and tabor

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